研究发现:厌恶工作或会导致生病

    来源:江苏新闻周刊    发布时间:2017-09-05 14:50    编辑:伊秀

本网讯: 做着一份自己不喜欢的工作不仅造成负面效果,还有可能危害你的健康。 Having a job you dislike not only sucks, it might also be impacting your health. 做着一份自己不喜欢的工作不仅造成负面效果,还有可能危害你的健康。 Job-related dissati

本网讯:做着一份自己不喜欢的工作不仅造成负面效果,还有可能危害你的健康。

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Having a job you dislike not only sucks, it might also be impacting your health.

做着一份自己不喜欢的工作不仅造成负面效果,还有可能危害你的健康。

Job-related dissatisfaction experienced in your 20s and 30s can lead to overall health issues just 10 or 20 years down the line, according to a new study from the American Sociological Association.

来自美国社会学家协会的一项最新研究显示,在20到30多岁期间的职业不满情绪,有可能会导致随后10-20年的健康问题。

“We found that there is a cumulative effect of job satisfaction on health that appears as early as your 40s,” said lead author Jonathan Dirlam, a doctoral student in sociology at Ohio State University.

“我们发现,职业满意度会对人的健康产生累积效应,最早出现在40岁。”本项研究的首席执行者Jonathan Dirlan表示,他是俄亥俄州立大学的博士生

Dirlam和他的团队分析了来自《全国青年纵向调查》中的6000位测试者的数据,这些数据从1979年就开始进行追踪统计。

Dirlam and his team analyzed data from over 6,000 participants in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which has been tracking outcomes of participants since 1979.

研究人员分析了年龄在25-39岁的测试者的职业满意度轨迹,并与其40岁时的身体报告进行数据对比。

The researchers examined the participants’ job satisfaction trajectories from age 25 to 39, and then compared that data with the health conditions reported by the same participants after they turned 40.

他们发现了,在早年对职业满意度较差的人群,在40岁的时候或多或少都会产生疾病,特别是心理健康方面的疾病。他们表现得更抑郁,有更多的情绪问题和睡眠问题,常常感到不安。

What they discovered was people who were unhappier in their jobs early in their careers were also the most prone to illness, particularly mental health problems, in their 40s. They were more depressed, had more emotional issues and sleep problems and suffered from excessive worry.

另外身体疾病的发病率也很高,虽然程度较低。对职业满意度较低的相比职业满意度高的人群,更容易出现背部疼痛和感冒等疾病。

Physical ailments were also more likely, though to a lesser degree. Those with lower job satisfaction tended to report more problems like back pain and frequent colds than those who were happier at work.

“我们发现,那些在接近30岁或40岁对职业满意度低的人们,更可能患上心理疾病。”Dirlam接受CBS NEWS采访的时候表示。“那些一开始有着较高,随后降低的满意度的人们,他们的健康问题更严重。”

“We found that those with lower job satisfaction levels throughout their late 20s and 30s have worse mental health compared to those with high job satisfaction levels,” Dirlamtold CBS News. “Those who initially had high job satisfaction but downwardly decreased over time also had worse health.”

本次研究的共同研究人员郑辉(音译)是俄亥俄州立大学社会学的副教授,他表示这些发现揭露了早期的职业生涯对人的生活和幸福状态的重要性。

Co-author Hui Zheng, an associate professor of sociology at Ohio State, said the findings reveal the importance that early jobs have on people’s lives and well-being.

他说:“你不必在职业生涯接近尾声的时候分析职业满意度对健康的影响,尤其是心理健康方面的影响。”

“You don’t have to be near the end of your career to see the health impact of job satisfaction, particularly on your mental health,” he said.

郑辉(音译)还表示,虽然在本次研究中对比了职业满意度与癌症和肥胖症的相关性很小,不过这些疾病可能在那些职业满意度低的人群的日后生活中出现。

Zheng added that though researchers found little difference in other health problems like cancer and diabetes, those issues might be expected later in life among those with lower job satisfaction levels.

“那些对职业满意度越低的人患上了更高程度的心理疾病,可能会导致日后的身体疾病。”他表示。“累积的焦虑和抑郁情绪将会导致心脑血管疾病或其他在年老时才会出现的健康问题。”

“The higher levels of mental health problems for those with low job satisfaction may be a precursor to future physical problems,” he said. “Increased anxiety and depression could lead to cardiovascular or other health problems that won’t show up until they are older.”

这项研究,在8月22日美国标准协会的年会中向公众展现成果,同时也证实了先前关于职业满意度与个人健康的相关性研究的研究发现。

The study, presented on Aug. 22 at an annual meeting of the ASA, supports earlier research that suggests a clear correlation between job satisfaction and health.

2003年,一项综合485项研究的数据元分析,发现职业满意度与心理疾病(如职业倦怠,抑郁症,焦虑症)有着很强的相关性。同时,职业幸福感和生理疾病也有一定程度的相关性。

In a 2003 meta-analysis of 485 studies on the subject, job satisfaction was found to be strongly associated with psychological problems such as burnout, depression and anxiety. A modest link between job happiness and physical illness was also found.

这项分析的研究人员总结:职业满意度是“一个影响员工身心健康的重要因素。”

Job satisfaction is “an important factor influencing the health of workers,” the authors of the analysis concluded.

研究人员们都建议:“公司机构都应该把压力管理作为公司发展的策略之一,辨别和移除所有造成职业不满的工作任务,有助提高员工的身心健康。”

“Organizations should include the development of stress management policies to identify and eradicate work practices that cause most job dissatisfaction as part of any exercise aimed at improving employee health,” the authors advised.

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